Overview of the Programme
A programme financed through the EU Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA).
The beneficiary countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo under UNSCR 1244/99 and Turkey.
The Programme runs from 1st December 2010 – 30th November 2012 with a budget of €4m.
The overall objective of this project is to reduce the vulnerability of the Beneficiaries to natural and man-made disasters at local, national and regional levels.
Purposes of the Programme:
To contribute to the development of the Beneficiaries' civil protection capacities.
Civil protection organisations of the beneficiaries shall become aware and able to advise on and, where possible, implement the best EU practices on inter alia monitoring and early warning systems (EWS), host-nation support (HNS), '112' centres and lessons learned programmes; they shall be able to apply for and access funds available through national IPA programmes; and
To bring the beneficiaries closer to the Community Civil Protection Mechanism .
Civil protection organisations of the beneficiaries shall become better informed and more effective actors in using approaches and methods established in the Mechanism Participating States; they shall be able to effectively collaborate with the EU partners in responding to disasters, including through close cooperation with the EU/MIC (Monitoring and Information Centre); the ultimate goal of this cooperation shall be the gradual and full integration of the beneficiaries in the Mechanism once the conditions are met.
The beneficiary countries have a history of devastating earthquakes, floods, landslides, drought, extreme temperature, wildfires, windstorms and other calamities that have caused human and economic losses, as well as damage to cultural heritage and environment across the region.
The civil protection and related administrative capacities vary significantly from country to country but on average are much lower than that of the EU countries, including with regard to training in disaster management. Consequently, there is a high risk that disasters cannot be prevented and/or well managed in the beneficiary countries.
Disasters in the region often transcend borders and overwhelm the management capacity of a single country. Regional cooperation, as well as cooperation between the region and the EU, is needed to mitigate the inadequate capacities of individual countries to respond to major disasters.
The countries' relatively small size, their high vulnerability, geographical and climatic conditions, socio-economic and cultural settings and the past political situation all point to the necessity of closer cooperation in the field of civil protection.
How did the IPA Programme on civil protection cooperation with the candidate countries and potential candidates come into life? Historical overview of events and decisions – click here for more information
Content of the Programe
The Programme encompasses three correlated groups of activities and so has been divided into three lots.
Training programme for civil protection experts
Exchange of experts
Regional exercises (emblem)
Participation in the Mechanism exercises
Workshops on key identified topics